A frenum is a naturally occurring muscle attachment, normally seen between the front teeth (upper or lower). It connects the inner aspect of the lip with the gum. A lack of attached gingiva, in conjunction with a significant frenum attachment, which pulls on the gum margin, can result in recession. Additionally, an excessively large frenum can prevent the teeth of a child from coming together resulting in a gap between the front teeth. If pulling is seen or the frenum is too large to allow the teeth to come together, the frenum is surgically released from the gum with a frenectomy. A frenectomy is simply the surgical removal of a frenum.
When Orthodontic treatment is planned or initiated, the removal of an abnormal frenum, with or without a gingival graft, can increase stability and improve success of the final orthodontic result.